Required and Optional
There are both required and optional reading listed below. The class schedule specifies which of the following material is required reading and specifies the date the reading assignment is due. Questions are drawn exclusively from required reading. Much of the optional material is here for those of you pursuing a thesis topic in this area.
Much of the assigned reading is from a book—Orchestrating the Instruments of Power: A Critical Examination of the U.S. National Security System—written for this course. Because traditional publishers introduce horrible delays and add very little if anything to the process, I’ve packaged the current version and made it available under a different name—Aligning Ends, Ways, and Means: An Examination of the U.S. National Security System—under my name is available from Amazon.com.
A second book—National Security for a New Era—is entirely optional. The author, Donald Snow, has been around a long time, is mainstream, and is very credible. I offer his book so that you’re not captive of my work.
National Security for a New Era: Globalization and Geopolitics after Iraq, 3rd ed. Donald M. Snow. New York: Pearson Longman, 2008.
Block I: Foundational Concepts and Principles
The Treaty of Westphalia (1648).
David Hume’s Of Balance of Power (1777).
The U.S. Constitution (1787).
Immanuel Kant’s Perpetual Peace (1795).
Block II: National Security Strategy
Kennan’s X article: “The Sources of Soviet Conduct,” Foreign Affairs (July 1947).
“Competing Visions for U.S. Grand Strategy,” Barry R. Posen and Andrew L. Ross, International Security 21, no. 3 (winter 1996-1997): 5-53.
“Campaign 2000: Promoting the National Interest.” Condoleezza Rice. Foreign Affairs 79, no. 1 (January/February 2000): 45-62.
“Tyrants Beware? Clinton Pledges Global Cob Role, But Aides Hedge,” Bob Davis. Wall Street Journal, August 6, 1999.
“Democratization and the Danger of War.” Edward D. Mansfield and Jack Snyder. International Security 20, no. 1 (summer 1995): 5-38.
Reagan NSS 1987.
Reagan NSS 1988.
Bush I NSS 1990.
Bush I NSS 1993.
Clinton NSS 1994.
Clinton NSS 1995.
Clinton NSS 1996.
Clinton NSS 1997.
Clinton NSS 1998.
Clinton NSS 1999.
Clinton NSS 2000.
Bush II NSS 2002.
Bush II NSS 2006.
Obama NSS 2010.
Block III: Organizations and Capacities
Department of Defense (DoD) www.defenselink.mil
Department of Justice (DoJ) www.justice.gov
Criminal Justice System (CJS) www.justice.gov/cjs
Organization chart www.justice.gov/agencies/index-org.html
Organization and mission statement www.justice.gov/jmd/mps/mission.htm
Department of the Treasury (DoT) www.treasury.gov
Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI) www.ustreas.gov/offices/enforcement
Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) www.fincen.gov
US Agency for International Development (USAID) www.usaid.gov
Intelligence Community (IC) www.intelligence.gov/index.shtml
Counterterrorism Community (CT), start with www.nctc.gov
House of Representatives, see www.house.gov and select Committees
Senate, see www.senate.gov and select Committees tab
Block IV: Orchestrating the Instruments
Brzezinski, Zbigniew. “The NSC’s Midlife Crisis,” Foreign Policy (winter 1987-1988): 80-99.
Greenstein, Fred I. and Richard H. Immerman. “Effective National Security Advising: Recovering the Eisenhower Legacy,” Political Science Quarterly (autumn 2000): 333-345.
Hammond, Paul Y. “The National Security Council as a Device for Interdepartmental Coordination: An Interpretation and Appraisal,” American Political Science Review (December 1960): 899-910.
Schlesinger, Arthur, Jr. “Effective National Security Advising: A Dubious Precedent,” Political Science Quarterly (autumn 2000): 347-351.
Soures. “The Formulation of United States Policy Relating to the National Security,” American Political Science Review (June 1949).
§ Bush 1989 NSD-2.
§ Bush 2001 NSPD-1a.
Organizing for “counterinsurgency”
§ Eisenhower’s Overseas Internal Security Program [not yet found]
§ JFK’s Overseas Internal Defense Policy 1962,
§ The releasing NSC document, NSAM-182,
Block V: Reform for the 21st Century
9/11 Commission. http://www.9-11commission.gov/
Beyond Goldwater-Nichols. http://www.csis.org/isp/bgn/
Commission on the National Guard and Reserve. Executive Summary.
Project on National Security Reform. http://www.pnsr.org/
Inderfurth, Karl F. and Loch K. Johnson. Fateful Decisions: Inside the National Security Council. Karl F. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Morgenthau, Hans J. Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. New York: Knopf, 1972.
Rothkopf, David. Running the World: The Inside Story of the National Security Council and the Architects of American Power. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.